Khal Mohammad

Khal Mohammad rugs are in some ways unique. Not named after a city or region they are named after the legendary figure that created the unmistakable design. Khal Mohammad, father of 25, created the design while living in Afghanistan. Today most Khal Mohammad rugs are woven in or around the town of Kunduz in north of Afghanistan.

Khal Mohammad are handmade by the Turkomans in the north of Afghanistan, and in some cases they can also be hand knotted in Pakistan by the Turkomans who have crossed over the borders into Pakistan. The primary colours are dark red in different nuances. Occurring motifs are göls (elephant like pattern) and octagonal (eight shaped) often with curvilinear flowers in dark blue, ochre and beige

Khal Mohammad rugs are characterized by their usually coppery-colored fields, by their highly lustrous finish, their usually clean, neat, and tidy appearance, and by the decorative, flat-woven finish on either end. Typically, they are heavier-bodied and finer-knotted than Kampbaff rugs. They are a welcome departure from the typical red, large-gul Afghan rugs that for decades were almost the only Turkmen rugs available.

Khal Mohammad rugs are very strong and durable 100% wool rugs renowned for their workmanship, wool quality, and beautiful finish. There is some debate and confusion regarding the origin of Khal Mohammad rugs. Some claim that Khal Mohammad is a living Ersari Turkman in Northern Afghanistan who 30 years ago pioneered the structural quality, color tones, use of top quality materials and application of less common tribal designs that Khal Mohammad rugs all share. Others believe that Khal Mohammad lived about 150 years ago and was an expert dyer, and provided the unique color palettes that Khal Mohammad rugs possess. Still others believe that Khal Mohammad rugs were originally woven (and still are) by various Ersari Turkmen in Northern Afghanistan, not any single individual or workshop. What is generally agreed is that the rug style originates from Northern Afghanistan, near Mazar-i-Sharif or Ankhui. Today the term “Khal Mohammad”re to very fine quality Afghan rugs that share the same base characteristics of weave, colors, quality, and patterns.