Hadji Jalili

Some groups of Persian carpets have mysteries associated with them. Although, they do not go back hundreds of years, so little is known about them. Among these are Hadji Jalili carpets. Hadji Jalili rugs were made in the famous city of Marand, 40 miles north west of Tabriz, in east Azerbaijan in north west Iran

It is not clear that Hadji Jalili was a weaver or producer who commissioned the rugs to other weavers. But what is clear is that this type of rug were made for the elite and noblemen.

This style of carpet is now being produced in different countries, to the original specifications of Hadji Jalili himself, to this day.

Hadji Jalili is especially known for mixing lighter colors — such as pinks, golds and greys — into the design of his rugs. Pieces by Hadji Jalili that feature these particular design elements are highly sought after by decorators and collectors. His silk carpets are among the most renowned ever woven, and the pieces that are considered to be the best Tabriz carpets are often attributed to his workshop.

The price range and value of Hadji Jalilis range from: HIGH – WEALTHY.

Hadji Jalili carpets, especially the genuine article which would be considered antiques now, are always a sound investment. Quality is almost always very high. They would be considered in the high to wealth range.

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Ghom

Ghoms are hand knotted on vertical looms using cotton warps and rare examples of silk.  Almost all production is concentrated in the city, in private homes where there are usually two looms.   The foundation may be either cotton or silk, and both materials may be used, either independently or in conjunction, for the pile.   The weave is among the finest, with some 250 to 300 Persian knots per square inch on woolen items, and 600 or more on silk; good quality materials are normally used.

The first looms were set up in the holy city of Ghom around the 1930s as a result of the initiative of a group of merchants from Kashan.  In spite of this late start, Ghoms have taken their place among the best-known and appreciated Persian carpets because of the high level of quality and the wide variety of patterns.  Ghom is noted for its silk rugs, which at their best are considered the epitome of contemporary Persian silk weaving.

Being relatively new to carpet making, Ghom has no design tradition of its own and employs the design of other Persian workshop groups and some Caucasian, particularly Shirvan groups.  The boteh motif, which originated in Mir carpets, is now associated with Ghoms.  The zil-i-soltan motif has also become a classic Ghom trademark.  In addition, much use has been made of the Isfahan floral design with a self-colour ground and the Kashan central medallion design.  Other Ghoms are inspired by the Bakhtiari square design, though leaning towards a floral interpretation.  The border – usually of three bands – is rather small in relation to the size of the carpet.  The central band is often decorated with the ground motif but border herati is also quite common.  A vast range of colours are used in Ghoms: white and ivory are the chief field colours, while the decoration is often in very vivid hues.  These colours may be either rich or pastel, and it is not uncommon for an antique wash to be used to subdue the tones and give the impression of mellowness through age.

The price range and value of Ghoms range from:

MEDIUM TO HIGH.

The finest silk Ghoms may prove to have a sound investment potential, as may the finest woolen carpets. All of these items are refreshingly attractive and are in high demand.

Ghashgai

Ghashgais are hand knotted on a ground loom by the Ghashgai tribe who live in the Fars upland near Shiraz.  The Ghashgai people are the most developed of the Fars tribes.  The warp and weft are of cotton or wool and the pile is wool. The variety and quality of the colours are superior and the numbers of Turkish knots are about 100.  The knotting on the better items can be extremely fine by nomadic standards, with 200 or more knots per square inch.  Ghashgais are often confused with Shirazs -made in and around the town of Shiraz using Ghashgai designs. Ghashgais are harder wearing, with a compact pile and faster, more varied colours.  Large items are rare and Ghashgai also produce delightful textile artifacts, including bags, camel and donkey trappings and kelims.

Ghashgais are typically nomadic in design meaning there are lots of geometric and angular designs.  The motifs are simple and executed in bold straight lines and bright colours.  Their repertoire is among the most varied and visually exciting of any contemporary nomadic weaving tribe.  It includes a wide spectrum of boteh, medallion and repeating floral schemes, but the most common motif and one by which a Ghashgai may be identified are the pole medallions and the hebatlu design which are like diamond shaped lozenge by itself in the center of the carpet or repeated along the length twice or three times according to the size of the carpet.

The diamond shape is usually light or dark blue and the field is almost always red and decorated with stylized plant motifs.  Ghashgais are also noted for the frequent inclusion in the field of tiny people and animals, as well as the more customary floral and vegetable motifs.  The most common colours are deep reds and blues, but a variety of ochre and sienna are also used. The border is nearly always made up of a number of narrow bands framing a wider band, which is often decorated with a motif resembling palm or pine leaves.  The edging bands are often separated from each other by a narrow band of diagonal stripes.

The price range and value of Ghashgais range from: LOW TO MEDIUM

Old Ghashgais are considered by many to represent all that is good in nomadic weaving, and contemporary Ghashgai items, although rarely reaching the standards of their precursors, are among the most attractive and desirable nomadic carpets made today. The finest old Ghashgai are extremely valuable and the better contemporary items are almost certain to retain their value to a high degree.  Ghashgais are by no means high quality carpets but in terms of price and value, they are unmatched.  Beautiful mixtures of designs and colours have made Ghashgais a favorite of those who prefer nomadic and tribal carpets.

Gharadjeh

Gharadjehs are hand knotted on a vertical loom on a cotton foundation.  The pile is of thick wool therefore the knot count is comparatively low.  However, the wool used in these carpets is superior in quality and the result is a closer-cropped, more uniform pile.  Sizes range from 3’ x 2’ mats to 12’ x 9’ foot room-sized carpets and runners are also produced, but usually in smaller sizes.

Gharadjeh, an area meaning ‘black mountain’ on the frontier between Iran and the former USSR, along the Tabriz-Ahar road, lies north-east of Tabriz.  The techniques used are the same as those in Tabriz with the sole difference that they have a single weft.  The wool used for these rugs is superior in quality to the average Tabriz wool and the result is a more uniform pile.

Gharadjehs are easily recognizable from their design, which consists of three medallions.  The two side medallions are the same size as each other and of the same colour as the field.  The central medallion is larger and of a different colour, mostly dark blue.  The two side medallions resemble the eight-pointed star in shape, while the central one is diamond-shaped, often with an outline of running-dog motifs.  The internal decoration of the medallion is completed by geometric plant motifs.

Gharadjeh runners are decorated with the same motifs but, because of the long shape, the sequence of medallions is different.

Gharadjehs are available in earthy tones of brick and blue, and in two different shades of ivory.  In addition there is widespread use of green, tan and yellow ochre.

The price range and value of Gharadjeh rugs are from: LOW/MEDIUM TO MEDIUM

Gharadjehs are in the low to medium price range among Persian carpets.  Because of the variations in the quality of the weaving, it’s especially important to make a careful comparison of several pieces when you’re considering these carpets.