Shirazs are hand knotted on ground looms by the nomadic and semi-nomadic peoples living on the Fars tableland.  The warp and weft of these carpets are wool except for some types knotted by semi-nomadic people who use cotton.  The weft can be either single or double, according to the tribe, but the pile is always wool.  Some tribes use the Persian knot, other use the Turkish knot.  In both cases the number of knots per square inch is rarely more than 100.  However, it is impossible to be precise about the average knot density of Shirazs because their quality varies enormously from tribe to tribe.  The best Shirazs are those hand knotted by the Arab and Basiri tribes, which are known as Shiraz Extra.

Shirazs are typically nomadic in design meaning there are lots of geometric and angular designs.  The motifs are simple and executed in bold straight lines and bright colours.  The most common motif and one by which a Shiraz may be identified, is the diamond shaped lozenge by itself in the centre of the carpet or repeated along the length twice or three times according to the size.

The diamond shape is usually light or dark blue and the field is almost always red and decorated with stylized plant motifs.  The border is nearly always made up of a number of narrow bands framing a wider band that is often decorated with a motif resembling palm or pine leaves.  The edging bands are often separated from each other by a narrow band of diagonal stripes.

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