Caspian Sea


Caspian Sea
Azerbaijan: Xəzər dənizi
Iran: دریای خزر
Kazakhstan: Каспий теңізі
Russia: Каспийское море
Turkmenistan: Hazar deňzi
Caspian Sea from orbit.jpg

The Caspian Sea as taken by the MODIS on the orbiting Terra satellite, June 2003
Coordinates 41°40′N 50°40′ECoordinates41°40′N 50°40′E
Type Endorheic, Saline, Permanent, Natural
Primary inflows Volga RiverUral RiverKura RiverTerek River
Primary outflows EvaporationGarabogazköl
Catchment area 3,626,000 km2(1,400,000 sq mi)[1]
Basin countries AzerbaijanIranKazakhstanRussiaTurkmenistan
Max. length 1,030 km (640 mi)
Max. width 435 km (270 mi)
Surface area 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi)
Average depth 211 m (690 ft)
Max. depth 1,025 m (3,360 ft)
Water volume 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi)
Residence time 250 years
Shore length1 7,000 km (4,300 mi)
Surface elevation −28 m (−92 ft)
Islands 26+
Settlements Baku (Azerbaijan), Anzali(Iran), Aktau (Kazakhstan), Makhachkala (Russia), Türkmenbaşy(Turkmenistan) (see article)
References [1]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Unlike the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, towards the end of the 16th century the Caspian Sea was still not well explored and mapped. 1570 map by Fernão Vaz Dourado.

The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world’s largest lake or a full-fledged sea.[2][3] It is an endorheic basin (a basin without outflows) located between Europe and Asia.[4] It is bounded by Kazakhstan to the northeast, Russia to the northwest, Azerbaijan to the west, Iran to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southeast.

The Caspian Sea presently lies about 28 m (92 ft) below sea level in the Caspian Depression, to the east of the Caucasus Mountainsand to the west of the vast steppe of Central Asia. The sea bed in the southern part reaches as low as 1,023 m (3,356 ft) below sea level, which is the second lowest natural depression on earth after Lake Baikal (−1,180 m, −3,871 ft). The ancient inhabitants of its coast perceived the Caspian Sea as an ocean, probably because of its saltiness and large size.

The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (not including the detached lagoon of Garabogazköl) and a volume of 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi).[5] It has a salinity of approximately 1.2% (12 g/l),[6] about a third of the salinity of most seawater.


Boulevard Magazine – Photoshoot

So happy to have had the opportunity to work with @liacrowe @arnoldlimvisuals and Boulevard Magazine. Very excited to see the rest of the photos that were taken!

Boulevard Magazine's photo.

Boulevard Magazine with Babak’s Oriental Carpets and 2 others.

‪#‎Boulevardphotoshoot‬. It’s easy to be inspired when surrounded by such beautiful textures, colour and intricate patterns! Photographer @arnoldlimvisuals and creative @liacrowe chatting with @babaksorientalcarpets ‪#‎yyj‬ Here’s a link to the article that we were featured in!