Ghoms are hand knotted on vertical looms using cotton warps and rare examples of silk.  Almost all production is concentrated in the city, in private homes where there are usually two looms.   The foundation may be either cotton or silk, and both materials may be used, either independently or in conjunction, for the pile.   The weave is among the finest, with some 250 to 300 Persian knots per square inch on woolen items, and 600 or more on silk; good quality materials are normally used.

The first looms were set up in the holy city of Ghom around the 1930s as a result of the initiative of a group of merchants from Kashan.  In spite of this late start, Ghoms have taken their place among the best-known and appreciated Persian carpets because of the high level of quality and the wide variety of patterns.  Ghom is noted for its silk rugs, which at their best are considered the epitome of contemporary Persian silk weaving.

Being relatively new to carpet making, Ghom has no design tradition of its own and employs the design of other Persian workshop groups and some Caucasian, particularly Shirvan groups.  The boteh motif, which originated in Mir carpets, is now associated with Ghoms.  The zil-i-soltan motif has also become a classic Ghom trademark.  In addition, much use has been made of the Isfahan floral design with a self-colour ground and the Kashan central medallion design.  Other Ghoms are inspired by the Bakhtiari square design, though leaning towards a floral interpretation.  The border – usually of three bands – is rather small in relation to the size of the carpet.  The central band is often decorated with the ground motif but border herati is also quite common.  A vast range of colours are used in Ghoms: white and ivory are the chief field colours, while the decoration is often in very vivid hues.  These colours may be either rich or pastel, and it is not uncommon for an antique wash to be used to subdue the tones and give the impression of mellowness through age.

The price range and value of Ghoms range from:


The finest silk Ghoms may prove to have a sound investment potential, as may the finest woolen carpets. All of these items are refreshingly attractive and are in high demand.

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